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Winston Churchill Argued That The Munich Agreement Would Quizlet

The Munich Agreement was a treaty between Nazi Germany and France. The next option, which best describes the consequences of the Munich Accords of 1938, is that Chamberlain and Hitler signed a document before their departure from Munich in which they declared their common desire to settle disputes through consultations to ensure peace. Both Daladier and Chamberlain returned home to welcome intoxicating and famous people, relieved that the danger of war was over, and Chamberlain told the British public that he had “obtained peace with honor. I believe it is peace for our time. His words were immediately ignored by his greatest critic Winston Churchill, who said: “They had a choice between war and shame. You have chosen the incapable, and you will go to war. In fact, Chamberlain`s policy was discredited the following year when Hitler annexed the rest of Czechoslovakia in March, and then triggered World War II with the invasion of Poland in September. The Munich Accords became synonymous with the futility of appeasement of the expansionist totalitarian states, although they gave the Allies time to increase their military will. As Hitler continued to deliver inflammatory speeches calling for the reunification of the Germans in Czechoslovakia with their homeland, war seemed imminent. But neither France nor Britain felt ready to defend Czechoslovakia, and both tried to avoid a military confrontation with Germany at all costs.

In France, the Popular Front government was over and on April 8, 1938, Edouard Daladier formed a new cabinet without socialist participation or communist support. Four days later, Le Temps, whose foreign policy was controlled by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, published an article by Joseph Barthelemy, a professor at the Paris Faculty of Law, in which he examined the Franco-Czechoslovak Treaty of Alliance of 1924 and concluded that France was not forced to go to war to save Czechoslovakia. Earlier, on March 22, the Times of London had in an editorial by its publisher G.G. By May 1938, it was known that Hitler and his generals were drawing up a plan for the occupation of Czechoslovakia. The Czechoslovaks depended on military aid from France, with which they had an alliance. The Soviet Union also had a treaty with Czechoslovakia, and it showed a willingness to cooperate with France and Britain if they decided to come to the defense of Czechoslovakia, but the Soviet Union and its potential services were ignored during the Dawson Crisis that Britain could not go to war to preserve Czech sovereignty over the Sudeten Germans. without anticipating their wishes; Otherwise, “Britain may well fight against the principle of self-determination.” On September 22, Chamberlain flew back to Germany and met Hitler at Bad Godesberg, where he learned with dismay that Hitler had tightened his demands: he now wanted the Sudetenland to be occupied by the German army and the Czechoslovaks to be evacuated from the area on September 28. Chamberlain agreed to present the new proposal to the Czechoslovaks, who rejected it, as did the British cabinet and the French. On the 24th, the French ordered a partial mobilization; The day before, the Czechoslovaks had ordered a general mobilization. As Czechoslovakia was one of the best-equipped armies in the world at the time, it was able to mobilize 47 divisions, 37 of them in favor of the German border, and the most mountainous line of this border was strongly established.

On the German side, the final version of “Case Green”, approved by Hitler on May 30, showed 39 divisions for operations against Czechoslovakia. The Czechoslovaks were ready to fight, but they could not win alone. The Munich Agreement of 1938 was a comparison between Germany, Britain, France and Italy, which allowed Germany to annex the Sudetenland. Then came the consequences of the Munich Agreement of 1938: the 28th. and on 29 April 1938, Daladier met in London with British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain to discuss the situation. .